Monday, 18 July 2011

Green Environment

         Do you ever know about deforestation? it is a huge problem in the world. over half of the once great rainforests of the world are now patches of dry dusty soil, large farmlands, or cattle grazing lands. everyone is complaining about global warming and a whole in the ozone layer but no one seems to notice, or want to notice for the matter, that the only preventable cause of this is deforestation.
       Deforestation happens naturally from time to time through wildfires. Trees, plants, and animals all recover from such events naturally; in fact some benefit from a fire. Birds such as the black-backed woodpecker thrive only in freshly burned areas where they eat insects that bore into the burned trees. Some trees such as the lodgepole pine produce serrotonous cones. These are cones that are fused shut and only open when a wildfire cooks the cone, thereby spreading the seeds into a freshly burned area with little other competition. Over time, burned areas regrow into forests.

(1) imagine you are a part of a big orchard with lot of trees around. how do feel being cut?

as a part of a big orchard with a lot of trees around, i'm definitely feel very sad and upset for sure to feel being cut because i have no longer friends around me. other that, i can't enjoy the beauty of nature anymore when trees around me are being cut and also feel that people is not fair towards us.
 sometimes i'm thinking why peoples cut us? the simple answer is to obtain wood, but there are more to it than that. for instance, to produce paper pulp and to clear land for cash crops. as trees, we also longed to live peacefully like humans and not disturbed by them. but, when people cut down trees, they're basically committing murder. because the more trees we have,  the better the oxygen is in your environment, and also in the world. and when you are cut us down, you're kind of killing air little, by little.

(2) what will happen to all the animals which were taking shelter on you?

Plants and animals in the natural world typically benefit from one type of habitat or another, or else benefit from living along the boundaries between two habitat types. Animals that are specifically adapted to live in the forest cannot usually survive if their habitat is taken away. However, deforestation may benefit certain other animals, particularly grazing animals. It is for this reason that humans clear forests such as the Amazon for cattle grazing.
Many birds benefit from having two habitats next to each other; the forest provides security but little food while the open field provides food but relatively little security. Living along the boundary allows these types of animals to benefit from the strengths of both habitats. Deer are another example of an animal that may benefit from an "edge" habitat. well, if it is
 non-killshelter they spend the rest of their lives behind bars, or until they get adopted. but if it is a killshelter.. well when their time is up they get poison injected into them and they will die.

(3) what would be the surroundings like after you are cut?

it would be uninhabitable to animals especially. there will no else trees which are roles as shelter to people and animals. this is because trees are an integral part of our daily life that produce oxygen which every living thing needs in order to survive on earth. besides, there will be global warming and a whole in the ozone layer will become thinning. in addition, forest fire will occur because of the weather is too hot. other than that, oxygen will be reduced  for human race and also harms the environment and us human.

(4) what change will take place in the environment after you are cut?

 well..of course the development and construction will take place in the environment because that is the main purpose of human to cutting down trees. however, it gives room for agriculture and growing valuable crops. it also allows space for building homes in which people can lives. but, the disadvantages of this change is the air will polluted and dangerous for living things.

(5) message you would like to give to people who are cutting down trees.

 first thing first, i would like to tell to people who are cutting down trees to think before do because as humans, we need to have feelings to trees and environment. besides, they must preserve the environment because trees are used in cosmetics, resource of oxygen, food, nesting for birds, and some land animals. some medicines are also derived from the bark of some trees as well. so if people is cutting down the trees, how they will be able to using the resources from the trees anymore?
  other than that,  

Martial Art

        Martial arts are extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat, practiced for a variety of reasons, including self-defense,competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental and spiritual development.Some martial arts are considered "traditional" and tied to an ethnic,cultural or religious background,while others are modern systems developed either by a founder or by an association.Many type of martial art such as Taekwondo,Judo,Karate and Aikido.

          Taekwondo is a Korean martial art and the national sport of South Korea.Taekwondo is knows for its emphasis on kicking techniques.Which distinguishes it from martial arts such as Karate or southern styles of Kung Fu.The rationale is that the leg is the longest and strongest weapon a martial artist has,and kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful relation.Historically,the Koreans thought that the hands were too valuable to be used in combat.Taekwondo as a martial art is popular with people of both genders and of many ages.Physically,Taekwondo develops strength,speed,balance,flexibility and stamina.

          Judo is a modern martial art and combat sport created in Japan its most prominent feature is its competitive element,where the object is to either throw or take down one's opponent to the ground,immobilize or otherwise subdue one's opponent with a grappling maneuver ,or force an opponent to submit by joint locking or by executing a strangle hold or choke.Strikes and thrusts by hand and feet as well as weapons defences are a part of Judo.

          Karate is a martial art developed in Japan.Karate is striking art using punching,kicking,knee and elbow strikes,and open handed techniques such as knife-hands.Grappling,lock,restraints,throw and vital point strikes are taught in some styles.A Karate practitioner is called "Karateka".Karate can be practiced as an art,as a sport,as a combat sport or as self-defense training.Traditional Karate places emphasis on self development.Modern Japanese style training emphasizes the psychological element incorporated into a proper attitude such as perseverance,fearlessness,virtue and leadership skills.Sport Karate places emphasis on exercise and competition.

          In Aikido ,as in virtually all Japanese martial art,there are both physical and mental aspects of training.The physical training in Aikido is diverse,covering both general physical fitness and conditioning,as well as specific techniques.Because a substantial portion of many Aikido curriculum consists of throws,the first thing most students learns is how to safely fall or roll.The specific techniques for attack include both strikes and grabs.The techniques for defense consist of throws and pins.Physical training goals pursued in conjunction with Aikido include controlled relaxation,flexibility and endurance,with less emphasis on strength training.In Aikido,pushing or extending movements are much more common than pulling or contracting movements.This distinction can be applied to general,fitness goals for the Aikido practitioner.

            In conclusion,many type of martial art in world.martial art is vary important for self-defense,physical fitness,self confidence,and martial art can make us more discipline in our life and at the same time appreciate the art in self-defense.

Monday, 11 July 2011


           Fasching is Munich's version of carnival. Americans call it "Mardi Gras" whilst the British have "Shrove Tuesday"(Pancake Day).The clamix of the fasching celebrations takes places on Tuesday 24th of February every year.Most people will get afternoon offwork so that they can go down to the Viktualienmarkt wearing a silly costume.In the weaks leading up 24th of February there are also lots of Gala Balls and other Fasching related events taking places.

           fasching is celebrated mainly in the Catholic parts of Germany.Different areas give it different names,for example Fasnet,Fastnacht and Fosnat.Fasching is only the name used in and around Munich.

Mardi Gras

         Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday) is a festival held the day before Ash Wednesday,signifying the end the end of the carnival season and the start of Lent.Lent is a time in which Christians are supposed to be quiet and thoughtful,preparing themselves  for Ester.They should pray a lot,give money to Charities and give up some of the things they might otherwise do for pleasure.

         During Mardi Gras,almost everyone takes part in celebrating with lavish parades and parties.Many different people celebrate Mardi Gras  in their own way.Some people have small  parties and eat many of the tasty pastries and some people have huge parties and and celebrate in a big way.Some of the pastries they eat are called "king's cake","hot cross buns",punchskis" and "tricolor scrolls".They are many more things that other people eat but these are the basic American ones.There are so many different parades and kinds of celebration.


          Obon is a series of ritual and tradition in japan to celebrate the arrival of spirit ancestors made around 15 July in Tempo calendar.In general,Obon is a ritual related to the Buddhism of Japan,but many traditional Obon festival that cannot be explained  by the dogma Buddhism. In Malaysia,Obon festival are also celebrated every year in Penang.In comparison to the celebration in Japan,the festival is celebrated on a much smaller scale in Penang and Selangor,and is less associated with Buddhism and more with Japanese culture.Held mainly to expose locals to a part of  Japanese culture.The festival provide the experience of a variety of  Japanese food and and dance.